Brazil covers an area of 851,196,500 hectares and, within this, there are 654 Indigenous Lands (terras indígenas TIs) accounting for a total of 115,499,53 hectares. In other words, 13.56% of the national territory is reserved for indigenous peoples. Most of the TIs are concentrated in the Legal Amazon: 417 TIs covering approximately 113,822,141 hectares. The remaining 1.39% is divided between the north-east, south-east, south and centrewest.

The indigenous population of Brazil numbers 734,127 people, or 0.4% of the national population; 383,298 of these people live in urban areas.

Grouped into 227 peoples, only four of them – the Guaraní – can claim more than 20,000 members; half of thes e peoples actually have populations of less than 500. It is estimated that there are 46 peoples living in isolation or voluntary isolation.

2009 was marked, once more, by the federal governmental failure to implement the guarantees of international agreements such as ILO Convention 169 and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, or indeed the guarantees of the 1988 Federal Constitution itself.

One clear example of this was the establishment of the Accelerated Growth Plan (PAC) that have a direct or indirect impact on indigenous lands, without the prior consultation of the communities. The critical situation in which the indigenous peoples of Mato Grosso do Sul find themselves is another example. It is here that they are suffering the greatest number of cases of dispossession, aggression against, and murder of, indigenous peoples.

A kind of aggression can also be noted in the budget destined for the indigenous population for 2010, which is no different from that of 2008: the same $ 795.6 million, to be distributed to 24 specific actions,


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